• 新冠肺炎疫情下全球農業食物系統的重新思考
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    Rethinking the Global Food System under COVID-19
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      摘要:

      當前全球食物系統已經受到諸多威脅,新冠肺炎疫情使食物系統更加脆弱,同時敲響了重新思考未來農業食物系統的警鐘,世界進入多危機并存的復合型風險時代,增強食物系統的“韌性”至關重要。文章全面介紹了當前全球食物和營養安全面臨的現狀,分析了新冠肺炎疫情對全球食物和營養安全帶來的挑戰,并對未來全球農業食物系統的發展著力點進行了思考。截至2019年,全球有6.9億人遭受饑餓困擾,20億人無法正常獲取安全、營養、充足的食物,1.44億兒童發育不良;新冠肺炎疫情的大流行破壞了全球食物供應鏈,使弱勢群體遭受重創,饑餓人數大幅度增加;未來食物系統應當是高效高產、低碳、健康營養、韌性、可持續并具有包容性的生產系統,其中“韌性”對于應對新冠肺炎等沖擊并從中恢復至關重要,文章從技術、政策、制度、貿易等方面闡述了增強未來農業食物系統韌性需要重點關注的方向。

      Abstract:

      The global food system has already been under multiple threats even before the outbreak of COVID-19. The epidemic has made the food system even more vulnerable. It has led many to rethink of the future global food system. The world has entered an era of complex risks with multiple crises coexisting,thus strengthening resilience of the global food system is crucial. This article first reviews the current state of global food and nutrition security. Then,the challenges brought by the coronavirus to global food and nutrition security are analyzed. Finally,the article proposes policy recommendations to strengthen the resilience of the future global food system.As of 2019,690 million people worldwide are suffering from hunger,2 billion people are unable to obtain safe,nutritious and adequate food,and 144 million children are stunted.The pandemic of the coronavirus has disrupted the world food supply chain and has caused severe damage to disadvantaged groups,and the number of hungry people has increased significantly. The future global food system should be efficient,high productive,low carbon,healthy and nutritious,resilient,sustainable and inclusive,in which “resilience” is important for coping with and recover from shocks like COVID-19. This article proposes several key recommendations in order to strengthen the resilience of the global agricultural and food system in the future including those in technology,policies,institutions,and trade.

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    樊勝根,高海秀.新冠肺炎疫情下全球農業食物系統的重新思考[J].華中農業大學學報(社科),2020,(5):1-8

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    • 收稿日期:2020-08-20
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    • 在線發布日期: 2020-09-12
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