• 非農就業經歷、行為能力與新型職業農民經營效率
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    廣東省軟科學項目“廣東新型職業農民培育的科技和人才支持政策研究”(2019A101002115);廣東省自然科學基金項目“社會化服務視角下小農戶與現代農業發展的融合:作用機理與路徑”(2020A1515011202)。


    Non-agricultural Employment Experience,Behavioral Competence and Operating Efficiency of New Professional Farmers
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      摘要:

      基于粵贛兩省501份問卷調查數據,采取DEA-Tobit兩階段模型和中介效應模型實證檢驗非農就業經歷、行為能力對新型職業農民經營效率的影響。結果表明:新型職業農民經營效率偏低,后期提升空間較大;非農就業經歷對新型職業農民經營效率具有顯著促進作用,其中務工經歷和經商經歷對新型職業農民經營效率有正向影響;非農就業經歷有助于提升行為能力,且行為能力在“非農就業經歷與經營效率”的關系中發揮中介作用;控制變量地形特征的影響通過顯著性檢驗。提出應激勵具有豐富非農就業經歷的勞動者到農村創業就業,并對具有不同就業經歷有意愿從事農業的勞動者采取差異化培育政策,促進鄉村振興。

      Abstract:

      Based on 501 questionnaires from the provinces of Guangdong and Jiangxi,the article uses gives an empirical test to the impact of non-agricultural employment experience and behavioral competence on the operating efficiency of new professional farmers by adopting a two-stage model of DEA-Tobit and an mediation effect model. The results show that the operating efficiency of the new type of professional farmers is on the low side,and there is plenty of room for improvement. The non-agricultural employment experience plays a significant role in promoting the operating efficiency of new professional farmers,in which the working experience and business experience has a positive impact on operating efficiency of new professional farmers. Non-agricultural employment experience helps to improve behavioral competence which plays the mediating role in the relationship of “non-agricultural experience and operating efficiency”. The effects of control variables (such as terrain features) pass the significance test. Therefore,workers with rich non-agricultural employment experience should be encouraged to take up employment in agriculture,and the differentiated cultivation policies have to be adopted for workers who have different employment experiences and are willing to engage in agriculture so as for the rural revitalization.

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    羅明忠,雷顯凱.非農就業經歷、行為能力與新型職業農民經營效率[J].華中農業大學學報(社科),2020,(5):29-38

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    • 在線發布日期: 2020-09-12
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