• 國有農用地利用的實踐需求與制度供給
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    農業農村部2017年“國有農用地經營管理條例立法問題研究”項目資助(2017K20312)。


    Practical Demand and Institutional Supply of State-owned Agricultural Land Utilization
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      摘要:

      從制度供給的視角,針對國有農場和農戶的實踐需求,構建國有農用地制度改進方案。在農墾土地國有的基礎上,將國有農用地使用權塑造為物權,穩步推進農地使用權的有償使用,以滿足國有農場管理體制改革的需求。在“兩田制”的基礎上,可將“基本田”中的土地經營權塑造為用益物權;依照“物債兩分”邏輯設置“規模田”上的土地經營權,長期存續的土地經營權設為物權,依《物權法》協調;短期的經營權則設為債權,依據契約自由的原則,遵照《合同法》進行協調,滿足經營主體的需求。在國有農用地的立法層面,應將兩類不同的法律規范進行整合,以區分國有農用地物權與債權的權利。此外,在國有農用地產權制度改進的同時,應設計相應的社會保障、管理經營等配套制度改革。

      Abstract:

      Based on current situation of the state-owned farmland system,this paper constructs the improvement scheme of the state-owned farmland system according to the practical demand of the state-owned farms and farmers. In order to reform the management system of state-owned farm,,land use right can be defined as property right on the basis of state-owned land reclamation to promote the paid use of agricultural land use right steadily. Based on the two-field system,the land management right in the basic fields should be modeled as usufructuary right. And the land management right in the large-scale fields can be set up according to the logic of right and obligation right dichotomy. The long-term land management right is set as real right,and coordinated according to Property Law;while the short-term management right is set as creditor’s right on the principle of freedom of contract,and coordinated according to Contract Law to meet the needs of business entities. In the process of land legislation,two different types of norms should be integrated to distinguish the real rights of state-owned agricultural land from the obligation rights. In addition,while improving the property right system of state-owned agricultural land,the corresponding social security,management and operating system reforms should be enhanced.

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    陳 陽,張玉臻,葉劍平.國有農用地利用的實踐需求與制度供給[J].華中農業大學學報(社科),2020,(5):125-131

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    • 在線發布日期: 2020-09-12
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