• 決策行為視角下農地流轉對農戶收入的影響——來自湖北省東部9縣(市/區)的證據
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    國家自然科學基金項目“產權制度激勵下農戶土地流轉決策行為的形成機理、福利效應與政策供給”(71973050);教育部人文社會科學研究規劃基金項目“農地土地流轉中農地轉移人口與農戶福祉比較與福利均衡研究”(17YJA630075)。


    The Impact of Land Transfer on Farmers’ Income based on the Perspective of Decision-Making Behavior:evidences from 9 counties in eastern Hubei 
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      摘要:

      基于湖北省東部9縣(市/區)的農戶調研數據,分別運用經濟學模型、邏輯回歸模型和傾向得分匹配模型解釋農村土地流轉的動因,分析農戶土地流轉決策的影響因素,并檢驗農村土地流轉對農戶家庭收入水平與收入結構的影響。研究表明:戶主文化程度、土地經營面積、農業勞動力人數、政策認知和產權認知對農戶轉入土地從事規模經營具有顯著正向影響,戶主年齡、經營類型、養老保險和政策認知是農戶轉出土地從事非農活動的主要誘因。土地轉入和轉出均有利于提高農戶家庭收入,與非流轉戶相比,轉入戶和轉出戶的家庭收入增長率分別為12.74%和7.57%。農地流轉的增收效應在轉入戶和轉出戶之間具有顯著的結構性差異,前者的經營性收入、工資性收入、轉移性收入和財產性收入對家庭增收的貢獻率分別為62.87%、26.24%、9.05%和1.84%,后者的貢獻率分別為-52.41%、86.99%、25.09%和40.33%。由此提出拓寬農民增收渠道的政策建議:提高土地產權制度激勵效應、培育農村多種新型經營主體,并針對不同經營類型的農戶采取多元化的農地流轉和勞動力扶持政策。

      Abstract:

      To scientifically analyze income changes of farmers’ households after land transfer,this paper explains incentives of decision-making behavior of farmers’ land transfer by micro-economics models,uses binary logistic regression to analyze influencing factors of farmers’ decision on land transfer and uses propensity score matching to test the impact of rural land transfer on farmers’ household income level and income structure based on survey data of rural households of 9 counties (cities/districts) in the eastern part of Hubei province. The results imply that:1) farmers’ education,area of land management,number of people in agricultural labor force,policy cognition and property right cognition have a significant positive impact on farmers’ scale operation of transferred land flow. The age of heads of household,management type,endowment insurance and policy cognition are the main incentives for farmers to low out their land and engage in off-farm activities. 2) Land flows in or out is beneficial to farmers’ household income increase since its income growth rate is 12.74% and 7.57%,respectively,compared with land non-flow farmers. 3) There are significant structural differences in the income growth effect between transfer-in farmers and transfer-out farmers. The former contribution rates of operating income,wage income,transfer income and property income to household income increase are 62.87%,26.24%,9.05% and 1.84%,and the latter contribution rates are -52.41%,88.69%,25.09% and 40.33% respectively. Therefore,this paper puts forward some policy suggestions to broaden the channels of increasing farmers’ income:cultivating new-type agricultural businesses and adopting new transfer patterns to promote the efficiency of agricultural production,and further reforming land tenure policy for different types of farmers.

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    彭開麗,程 賀.決策行為視角下農地流轉對農戶收入的影響——來自湖北省東部9縣(市/區)的證據[J].華中農業大學學報(社科),2020,(5):132-142

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    • 在線發布日期: 2020-09-12
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