• 農地確權背景下土地流轉對農戶福利的影響
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    國家自然科學基金項目“農地城市流轉中價值創造過程、價值捕獲機制與利益共享政策研究”(71873053);2019年度湖北省委重大調研課題基金項目“湖北省農地確權政策實施效果評估及優化路徑研究”(N41)。 


    Research on the Impacts of Land Transfer on Farmers’ Welfare in the Context of Confirming the Rights of Farmland 
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      摘要:

      以湖北省440戶農戶為研究對象,基于森的可行能力為理論基礎,利用Logistic模型和傾向評分匹配法(PSM),對農地確權后影響農戶參與土地流轉的福利因素進行分析及流轉農戶的福利變化進行測算,以理清農地確權后土地流轉對農戶福利的影響。結果表明:(1)農地確權后,影響農戶參與土地流轉的因素有家庭純收入、是否有醫療保險、對社會保障的認可、就業難易度、自評健康、農戶土地流轉知情權及對流轉價格的滿意度;(2)通過對流轉農戶福利變化的效應測算,土地流轉能顯著改善農戶福利,對轉出農戶福利變化的效應值為1.100,對轉入農戶福利變化的效應值為0.793;(3)農地確權后,家庭純收入、農戶社會保障認可和自評健康狀況能顯著提升農戶福利水平,而就業難易度阻礙了農戶福利改進,土地流轉價格滿意度能改善轉出農戶福利、但阻礙了轉入農戶福利改進?;诖颂岢隽藰嫿ㄓ行У牧鬓D價格機制、加大差異化技能培訓及完善流轉農戶社會保障體系等建議,以推進農地確權后土地流轉農戶福利的改進。

      Abstract:

      The impact of land transfer on farmers’ welfare has been studied after confirming the rights of farmland. Taking 440 farmers in Hubei Province as the research object,based on the theory of Sen’s feasible ability,using Logistic model and Propensity Score matching Method (PSM),the welfare factors affecting farmers’ participation in land transfer after confirming the rights of farmland have been analyzed,and the changes of farmers’ welfare in land transfer have been measured to explicate the impact of land transfer on farmers’ welfare. The results showed that:1) After confirming the rights of farmland,the welfare factors that affected farmers’ participation in the land transfer were net income of family,medical insurance,recognition of social security,difficulty of employment,self-assessment of the health status,farmers’ right to participate the land transfer and satisfaction with the transfer price; 2) Through measuring the effect of the change,farmers’ welfare could been significantly improved by land transfer with the effect value of the change in the welfare of the out-transferred farmers being 1.10,and that of the change in the welfare of in-transferred farmers 0.793; 3) after confirming the rights of the farmland,the net income of the family,the recognition of the social security of farmers and the self-assessment of the health status could significantly improve the level of farmers’ welfare,while the difficulty of employment would hinder the improvement of farmers’ welfare; the satisfaction of land transfer price could improve the welfare of out-transferred farmers,but hinder the welfare improvement of in-transferred farmers. Therefore,it is proposed that relevant policies and recommendations such as building an effective transfer price mechanism,increasing differentiated skill training and improving the transfer farmers’ social security system should be put forward,to promote the improvement of farmers’ welfare in the land transfer after confirming farmland rights.

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    關江華,張安錄.農地確權背景下土地流轉對農戶福利的影響[J].華中農業大學學報(社科),2020,(5):143-150

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    • 在線發布日期: 2020-09-12
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