• 德國農民合作社考察及其啟示
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    國家外國專家局項目“農民合作社運行管理培訓”(P183020009);農業農村部財政項目(人文類)“農民合作社助力鄉村組織振興研究”(10190008)。


    Special Investigation of and Enlightenment from German Farmer Cooperatives 
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      摘要:

      德國是合作社的發源地之一?;跒槠趦芍艿牡聡献魃鐚n}考察,梳理了德國農民合作社的適應性特點、趨勢特征及其社會背景體系,發現德國農民合作社具有層級組織體系化完備化、產業類型多樣化專業化、服務內容全面化多元化、日常運行制度化體系化、服務地域穩定化與產業發展有機化等適應性特點以及企業化日益明顯、絕對數量趨于減少、規模實力趨于增強、經營團隊趨于專業、盈余分配趨于多樣等趨勢性特征,并且遍布全德的農民協會體系、完善的社會保障體系、健全的社會化服務體系以及良好的社會誠信體系構成了驅動和保障農民合作社持續健康發展的“四輪”。針對我國農民合作社量質增長不同步、成員異質性增加、扶持政策不完善、服務型合作社少、屬性爭論不定等問題,提出促進我國農民合作社質量提升、為其創造寬松發展環境、打造“四輪”驅動發展機制、鼓勵農民深度聯合與合作等建議。

      Abstract:

      Germany is one of the birthplaces of cooperatives. Based on a two-week special survey of German cooperatives,this paper focuses on the adaptive characteristics,trend characteristics and social system background of German farmers’ cooperatives. It is found that the German farmers’ cooperatives have the following adaptability characteristics:complete hierarchical organization system,diversified and specialized industrial types,comprehensive and diversified service content,institutionalized daily operation system,regional stability of service and organic industrial development. It also has the trend characteristics of growing enterprise-orientation,decreasing absolute quantity,increasing scale strength,increasingly professional management team and diversified earnings distribution. Moreover,the farmer association system,perfect social security system,perfect social service system and good social credit system all over Germany constitute the “four rounds” to drive and guarantee the sustainable and healthy development of farmer cooperatives. Finally,the paper summarizes and analyzes the problems and challenges faced by the farmers’ cooperatives in China,such as the unsynchronized growth of quantity and quality,the increasing heterogeneity of members,the imperfection of supporting policies,the lack of service-oriented cooperatives,and the indefinite debate on attributes,and proposes to promote the quality of farmers’ cooperatives,create relaxing environment for the development of cooperatives and build China’s “ Four rounds” as a driving force for the development of farmers’ cooperatives to encourage in-depth Union and cooperation among farmers.

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    王玉斌,郭娜英,趙鐵橋.德國農民合作社考察及其啟示[J].華中農業大學學報(社科),2020,(5):160-167

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    • 在線發布日期: 2020-09-12
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